Lorwyn FAQ

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_Lorwyn_(TM) Frequently Asked Questions
Compiled by Mark L. Gottlieb, with contributions from Laurie Cheers, Jeff Jordan, and Lee Sharpe
Document last modified September 25, 2007

_Lorwyn_ Prerelease tournaments: September 29-30, 2007
_Lorwyn_ official release date: October 12, 2007
The _Lorwyn_ set becomes legal for sanctioned Constructed play October 20, 2007.

The _Lorwyn_ set contains 301 cards (121 common, 80 uncommon, 80 rare, 20 basic land).

This FAQ has two sections, each of which serves a different purpose.

The first section ("General Notes") explains the new mechanics and concepts in the set. The second section ("Card-Specific Notes") contains answers to the most important questions players might ask about a given card in the main card set.

Items in the "Card-Specific Notes" section include full rules text for your reference. Not all cards in the set are listed.
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GENERAL NOTES

***Card Type: Planeswalker***

Planeswalker is a new card type. Planeswalkers are powerful allies you can call on to fight by your side.

Garruk Wildspeaker
{2}{G}{G}
Planeswalker -- Garruk
[+1]: Untap two target lands.
[-1]: Put a 3/3 green Beast creature token into play.
[-4]: Creatures you control get +3/+3 and gain trample until end of turn.

You can play a planeswalker only at the time you could play a sorcery. A planeswalker is a permanent, so when a planeswalker spell resolves, it comes into play under your control. Any spell or ability that affects a permanent (for example, "destroy target permanent") can affect a planeswalker. Note that planeswalkers aren't creatures; if a card says it affects a creature, it won't affect a planeswalker.

_PLANESWALKER SUBTYPES_
Each planeswalker has a subtype. For example, Garruk Wildspeaker says "Planeswalker -- Garruk" on its type line. These subtypes are also called planeswalker types. These are not creature types; they're an independent list.

* If two or more planeswalkers that share a subtype are in play, they're all put into their owners' graveyards as a state-based effect.

_PLANESWALKER LOYALTY_
Loyalty is a characteristic only planeswalkers have. Each planeswalker has a loyalty number printed in the lower right corner of the card. This isn't a power or toughness -- it's a new value.

* A planeswalker comes into play with a number of loyalty counters on it equal to its loyalty number. While a planeswalker is in play, its loyalty is equal to the number of loyalty counters on it, and its printed loyalty number is ignored.

* Damage dealt to a planeswalker results in that many loyalty counters being removed from it; see "Dealing Damage to Planeswalkers" below.

* Playing an ability of a planeswalker causes it to gain or lose loyalty; see "Planeswalker Abilities" below. As a planeswalker loses loyalty, that many loyalty counters are removed from it. As a planeswalker gains loyalty, that many additional counters are put onto it.

* If a planeswalker's loyalty is 0, it's put into its owner's graveyard as a state-based effect.

* While a planeswalker card isn't in play, its loyalty is equal to the number printed in its lower right corner.

_PLANESWALKER ABILITIES_
Each planeswalker in the _Lorwyn_ set has three activated abilities. These abilities have specific restrictions that aren't spelled out on the card, and their costs use a new symbol.

* An ability of a planeswalker may be played only by that planeswalker's controller, and only any time he or she could play a sorcery. A player may play a planeswalker's ability the turn it enters play. A player may not play a planeswalker's ability if any of its abilities have been played already that turn. In other words, you're limited to one ability from each of your planeswalkers during your turn.

* The cost to play a planeswalker's ability is represented by an arrow with a number inside. Up-arrows contain positive numbers, such as "+3"; this means "Put three loyalty counters on this planeswalker." Down-arrows contain negative numbers, such as "-1"; this means "Remove one loyalty counter from this planeswalker." You can't play a planeswalker's ability with a negative loyalty cost unless the planeswalker has at least that many loyalty counters on it.

_PLANESWALKERS IN COMBAT_
Planeswalkers aren't creatures, so they can't attack or block. However, planeswalkers can be attacked.

As the declare attackers step begins, if the defending player controls a planeswalker, the active player declares who or what each attacking creature is attacking: the defending player or one of that player's planeswalkers. All the attacking creatures may attack the same thing, or they may attack different things. If the defending player controls multiple planeswalkers, any or all of them can be attacked during the same combat phase.

As the declare blockers step begins, the defending player declares which creatures he or she controls (if any) are blocking the attacking creatures. The blocking creatures don't care who or what the attackers are attacking.

During the combat damage step, damage from unblocked creatures attacking the defending player, damage from blocked creatures, and damage from blocking creatures is assigned and dealt as normal. Unblocked creatures that are attacking a planeswalker assign and deal their combat damage to that planeswalker, which causes that many loyalty counters to be removed from it. Planeswalkers, like players, don't deal combat damage.

* If a creature with trample is attacking a planeswalker and is blocked, the attacker must assign lethal damage to each blocker, and may assign excess damage to the planeswalker. However, a creature with trample that's attacking a planeswalker can't "trample over" that planeswalker and assign combat damage to the defending player.

* If a planeswalker leaves play or changes controllers, it's removed from combat and stops being attacked. However, a creature that was attacking that planeswalker isn't removed from combat -- it continues to attack. It may be blocked. If it isn't blocked, it remains an attacking creature but assigns no damage during the combat damage step. If it is blocked, it will deal damage to any creature blocking it as normal. If the attacker has trample, the trample ability has no effect because there's nothing for the creature to assign excess damage to.

* In the Two-Headed Giant multiplayer variant, a creature can attack the defending team or attack a planeswalker controlled by either member of that team. A creature attacking a planeswalker can be blocked by creatures controlled by either member of the defending team, not just creatures controlled by the planeswalker's controller.

_DEALING DAMAGE TO PLANESWALKERS_
If a source you control would deal noncombat damage to an opponent, you may have that source deal that damage to a planeswalker that opponent controls instead. This is a redirection effect: you choose whether to redirect the damage as the redirection effect is applied, and it's subject to the normal rules for ordering replacement effects. The player affected by the damage chooses the order in which to apply such effects, but the controller of the source of the damage chooses whether the damage is redirected. Note that this redirection can't be applied to combat damage.

* For example, although you can't target a planeswalker with Shock, you can target your opponent with Shock, and then as Shock resolves, choose to have Shock deal its 2 damage to one of your opponent's planeswalkers. If you do, two loyalty counters are removed from that planeswalker.

* You can't choose to split the damage between a player and a planeswalker. In the Shock example above, you couldn't have Shock deal 1 damage to the player and 1 damage to the planeswalker.

* If a source you control would deal damage to you, you can't have that source deal that damage to one of your planeswalkers instead.

* In a Two-Headed Giant game, damage that would be dealt to a player can't be redirected to a planeswalker his or her teammate controls.
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***Card Type: Tribal***

Tribal is a card type introduced on one _Future Sight_(TM) card (Bound in Silence). Tribals have creature types even though they're not creatures. Since there are a significant number of tribal cards in the _Lorwyn_ set, the FAQ section bears repeating. The rules for the tribal card type are as follows:

212.8. Tribals

212.8a Each tribal card has another card type. Playing and resolving a tribal card follows the rules for playing and resolving a card of the other type.

212.8b Tribal subtypes are always single words and are listed after a long dash: "Tribal Enchantment -- Merfolk." The set of tribal subtypes is the same as the set of creature types; these subtypes are called _creature types_. Tribals may have multiple subtypes.

* Tribal is not a permanent type. However, a tribal card can become a permanent if another of its types allows it to do so.

* Many _Lorwyn_ cards refer to specific creature types. These cards may affect tribals, depending on what they say and what they do. For example, using "Goblin" as our creature type:
-- If a card uses "Goblin" as a noun (that is, without following it with a word like "card" or "spell"), it actually means "Goblin permanent." It can affect any Goblin permanent in play, including a Goblin tribal.
-- If a card says just "Goblin creature," it can affect only a Goblin creature in play. It can't affect a tribal.
-- If a card says "Goblin card," it can affect any Goblin card not in play, including a Goblin tribal card.

* If a spell asks whether you control a Goblin, it's asking whether you control a Goblin permanent. It won't count Goblin spells you control (including itself).

* If a card with multiple types has one or more subtypes, each subtype is correlated to its appropriate type.

* When one or more of a permanent's subtypes changes, the new subtype(s) replace any existing subtypes from the appropriate set (creature types, land types, artifact types, enchantment types, spell types, or planeswalker types). It won't affect the subtypes from any other set, and it won't affect the permanent's types.

* If a permanent ceases to be one of its types, the subtypes correlated with that type will remain if they are also the subtypes of a type the permanent currently has; otherwise, they are also removed for the entire time the permanent's type is removed.

* The _Onslaught_(TM) card Artificial Evolution can change the creature types of a tribal.

* Many older cards have received errata in the _Oracle_(TM) card database to work sensibly with tribals. For example, instant and sorcery cards can't come into play. If an older card was printed with a wording that allowed you to put a Goblin card into play, it now specifies that you can put a Goblin permanent card into play.
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***Keyword Action: Clash***

Clash is a keyword action that creates a mini-contest. You may get a bonus if you win the clash.

Lash Out
{1}{R}
Instant
Lash Out deals 3 damage to target creature. Clash with an opponent. If you win, Lash Out deals 3 damage to that creature's controller. (Each clashing player reveals the top card of his or her library, then puts that card on the top or bottom. A player wins if his or her card had a higher converted mana cost.)

The official rules for clash are as follows:

501.10. Clash

501.10a To clash, a player reveals the top card of his or her library. That player may then put that card on the bottom of his or her library.

501.10b "Clash with an opponent" means "Choose an opponent. You and that opponent each clash."

501.10c A player wins a clash if that player revealed a card with a higher converted mana cost than all other cards revealed in that clash.

* Each _Lorwyn_ card that has clash says to "clash with an opponent." To do this, the following things happen in sequence:
1) The controller of the spell or ability chooses an opponent. (This doesn't target the opponent.)
2) Each player involved in the clash reveals the top card of his or her library.
3) The converted mana costs of the revealed cards are noted.
4) In turn order, each player involved in the clash chooses to put his or her revealed card on either the top or bottom of his or her library. (Note that the player whose turn it is does this first, not necessarily the controller of the clash spell or ability.) When the second player makes this decision, he or she will know what the first player chose. Then all cards are moved at the same time.
5) The clash is over. If one player in the clash revealed a card with a higher converted mana cost than all other cards revealed in the clash, that player wins the clash.
6) If any abilities trigger when a player clashes, they trigger and wait to be put on the stack.
7) The clash spell or ability finishes resolving. That usually involves a bonus gained by the controller of the clash spell or ability if he or she won the clash.
8) Abilities that triggered during the clash are put on the stack.

* There are no draws or losses in a clash. Either you win it or you don't.

* Each spell or ability with clash says what happens if you (the controller of that spell or ability) win the clash. Typically, if you don't win the clash, nothing happens. (Captivating Glance is the exception to this.)

* If no one reveals a card with a higher converted mana cost (for example, each player reveals a card with converted mana cost 2), no one wins the clash.

* An X in a revealed card's mana cost is treated as 0.

* A card without a mana cost (such as a land) has a converted mana cost of 0.

* If one or more of the clashing players reveals a split card, each of the split card's converted mana costs is considered individually. In this way, it's possible for multiple players to win a clash. For example, if Player A reveals a split card with converted mana costs 1 and 3, and Player B reveals a card with converted mana cost 2, they'll both win. (Player A's card has a higher converted mana cost than Player B's card, since 3 is greater than 2. Player B's card has a higher converted mana cost than Player A's card, since 2 is greater than 1.)

* Two cards (Entangling Trap and Rebellion of the Flamekin) have abilities that trigger whenever you clash. These abilities will trigger whenever you're involved in a clash, not just whenever you cause a clash to happen. It doesn't matter whether you win the clash.

* One card (Sylvan Echoes) has an ability that triggers whenever you clash and win. This works the same as the two cards above, except it does matter whether you win the clash. Note that you can win a clash caused by a spell or ability your opponent controls.
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***Keyword Ability: Changeling***

A card with changeling is all creature types, no matter what zone it's in.

Mirror Entity
{2}{W}
Creature -- Shapeshifter
1/1
Changeling (This card is every creature type at all times.)
{X}: Creatures you control become X/X and gain all creature types until end of turn.
The official rules for changeling are as follows:

502.73. Changeling

502.73a Changeling is a characteristic-defining ability. "Changeling" means "This object is every creature type." This ability works in all zones. See rule 405.2.

502.73b Multiple instances of changeling on the same object are redundant.

* Because a card with changeling is every creature type, it will be affected by any spell or ability that affects any creature type, regardless of what that creature type is. And because changeling is a characteristic-defining ability, this is true in all zones. For example, if a card tells you to reveal a Merfolk card from your hand, return a Goblin card from your graveyard to your hand, or gain control of a Goat, you can perform these actions on a card with changeling.

* The rules that govern the interaction of continuous effects state that type-changing effects are applied before effects that add or remove abilities. This causes some unusual things to happen.
-- If an effect causes a creature with changeling to lose all creature types, the creature won't lose changeling -- but it will lose all its creature types.
-- If an effect causes a creature with changeling to become a new creature type or types, the creature won't lose changeling -- but it won't have all creature types anymore. It will be just the new creature type(s).
-- If a card loses the changeling ability, it will still have all creature types. It just won't have changeling.

* Note that effects that grant an object all creature types do *not* give that object changeling.
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***Keyword Ability: Champion***

Champion allows you to upgrade one permanent into another.

Nova Chaser
{3}{R}
Creature -- Elemental Warrior
10/2
Trample
Champion an Elemental (When this comes into play, sacrifice it unless you remove another Elemental you control from the game. When this leaves play, that card returns to play.)

The official rules for the champion ability are as follows:

502.72. Champion

502.72a Champion represents two triggered abilities. "Champion an [object]" means "When this permanent comes into play, sacrifice it unless you remove another [object] you control from the game" and "When this permanent leaves play, return the removed card to play under its owner's control."

502.72b The two abilities represented by champion are linked abilities as defined by rule 217.7d.

502.72c A permanent is "championed" by another permanent if the latter removes the former from the game as a result of a champion ability.

* A creature's own champion ability won't allow you to remove that creature from the game.

* If a creature with champion leaves play before its comes-into-play ability resolves, its leaves-play ability will do nothing. Then its comes-into-play ability will resolve. Its controller may remove a permanent of the appropriate quality he or she controls from the game. If the player does, that card won't come back. If the player doesn't, nothing happens (because the creature with champion isn't around to be sacrificed.)

* If a creature with champion loses the champion ability (due to Humble, for example) and then leaves play, champion's leaves-play ability won't trigger. The removed card remains removed from the game.

* All _Lorwyn_ cards with both changeling and champion have "champion a creature." The ability allows you to remove any other creature you control from the game.

* All other _Lorwyn_ cards with champion have "champion a [creature type]." The ability doesn't limit you to creatures. For example, a card with "champion a Kithkin" allows you to remove a Kithkin enchantment from the game.
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***Keyword Ability: Evoke***

Evoke is an alternative cost. Playing a creature by paying its evoke cost rather than its mana cost causes that creature to be sacrificed when it comes into play. However, this lets you pay a cheaper cost to just get the creature's comes-into-play ability.

Cloudthresher
{2}{G}{G}{G}{G}
Creature -- Elemental
7/7
Flash
Reach (This can block creatures with flying.)
When Cloudthresher comes into play, it deals 2 damage to each creature with flying and each player.
Evoke {2}{G}{G} (You may play this spell for its evoke cost. If you do, it's sacrificed when it comes into play.)

The official rules for the evoke ability are as follows:

502.74. Evoke

502.74a Evoke represents two abilities: a static ability that functions in any zone from which the card can be played, and a triggered ability that functions in play. "Evoke [cost]" means "You may play this card by paying [cost] rather than paying its mana cost" and "When this permanent comes into play, if its evoke cost was paid, its controller sacrifices it." Paying a card's evoke cost follows the rules for paying alternative costs in rules 409.1b and 409.1f–h.

* When you play a spell for its evoke cost, you really are playing the spell -- you're just paying a different cost. The spell can be countered as normal. Effects that prevent you from playing a spell also prevent you from playing the spell with evoke.

* Each _Lorwyn_ creature with evoke has a comes-into-play ability. That means paying the normal cost gets you both the ability and the creature, while paying the evoke cost just gets you the ability.

* Playing a creature by paying its evoke cost will result in two comes-into-play abilities: The sacrifice ability from evoke, and whatever other ability the creature has. The creature's controller chooses in what order to put them on the stack. Both abilities can be responded to as normal.

* Evoke doesn't change the timing of when you can play the creature that has it. If you could play that creature spell only when you could play a sorcery, the same is true for playing it with evoke.

* If a creature spell played with evoke changes controllers before it comes into play, it will still be sacrificed when it comes into play. Similarly, if a creature played with evoke changes controllers after it comes into play but before its sacrifice ability resolves, it will still be sacrificed.

* When you play a spell by paying its evoke cost, its mana cost doesn't change. You just pay the evoke cost instead.

* Effects that cause you to pay more or less for a spell will cause you to pay that much more or less while playing it for its evoke cost, too. That's because they affect the total cost of the spell, not its mana cost.

* Whether evoke's sacrifice ability triggers when the creature comes into play depends on whether the spell's controller chose to pay the evoke cost, not whether he or she actually paid it (if it was reduced or otherwise altered by another ability, for example).

* If you're playing a spell "without paying its mana cost," you can't use its evoke ability. (Then again, you probably wouldn't want to.)
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***Keyword Ability: Hideaway***

Hideaway, which appears on a cycle of rare _Lorwyn_ lands, lets you hide a card away for later. It also causes the lands to come into play tapped.

Mosswort Bridge
Land
Hideaway (This land comes into play tapped. When it does, look at the top four cards of your library, remove one from the game face down, then put the rest on the bottom of your library.)
{T}: Add {G} to your mana pool.
{G}, {T}: You may play the removed card without paying its mana cost if creatures you control have total power 10 or greater.

The official rules for the hideaway ability are as follows:

502.75. Hideaway

502.75a Hideaway represents a static ability and a triggered ability. "Hideaway" means "This permanent comes into play tapped" and "When this permanent comes into play, look at the top four cards of your library. Remove one of them from the game face down and put the rest on the bottom of your library in any order. As long as that card remains removed from the game, it may be looked at by any player who has controlled this permanent."

* When a land with hideaway comes into play under your control, you must look at the top four cards of your library and you must remove one of them from the game. If there are fewer than four cards in your library, you look at all of them and remove one from the game.

* The removed card can be looked at by the player who currently controls the hideaway land, as well as by any player who previously controlled that land. The player who controls the activated ability is the player who can play the removed card. It doesn't matter who owns the removed card or who removed it from the game.

* If the land with hideaway leaves play, no one can look at the removed card anymore.

Each _Lorwyn_ land with hideaway also has an activated ability that allows you to play the removed card if certain conditions are met. This ability refers only to the card removed by the hideaway ability.

* The land's last ability allows you to play the removed card as part of the resolution of that ability. Timing restrictions based on the card's type are ignored (for instance, if it's a creature or sorcery). Other play restrictions are not (such as "Play [this card] only during combat").

* If the removed card is a land, you may play it as a result of the last ability only if it's your turn and you haven't already played a land that turn. This counts as your land play for the turn.

* If you are unable to play the removed card due to these or other restrictions (such as having no legal targets for a spell), nothing happens when the land's activated ability resolves, and the card remains removed from the game face down. You can try to play it later by activating the ability again.

* If you play a card "without paying its mana cost" (as the last ability says), you can't pay any alternative costs (such as those from evoke or morph). On the other hand, if the card has additional costs, you may pay those.

* If you play the land's activated ability and an effect causes you to lose control of the land in response, you can still play the removed card as the ability resolves.

* If the card removed with hideaway has been played or has otherwise left the removed-from-the-game zone, playing the hideaway land's last ability will have no effect.
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***Cycle: Commands***

The _Lorwyn_ set features a cycle of five cards with "Command" in their name. These are modal cards in which you choose two modes rather than one.

Cryptic Command
{1}{U}{U}{U}
Instant
Choose two -- Counter target spell; or return target permanent to its owner's hand; or tap all creatures your opponents control; or draw a card.

* A Command works just like a normal modal card, except that you choose two of the modes. The choice is made when you play the spell.

* You must choose two different modes. You can't choose only one mode, and you can't choose the same mode twice.

* The chosen modes will have their effects in the order they appear on the card.

* If a mode has targets, you can't choose that mode unless you can choose legal targets for it. If this prevents you from choosing exactly two modes, you can't play the spell.

* You can choose the same creature or player as a target for both modes, if appropriate.
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***Cycle: Incarnations***

The _Lorwyn_ set features a cycle of five cards with the creature type Incarnation. These are creatures that get shuffled into your library when they're put into a graveyard.

Dread
{3}{B}{B}{B}
Creature -- Elemental Incarnation
6/6
Fear
Whenever a creature deals damage to you, destroy it.
When Dread is put into a graveyard from anywhere, shuffle it into its owner's library.

* The last ability triggers when the Incarnation is put into its owner's graveyard from any zone, not just from in play.

* Although this ability triggers when the Incarnation is put into a graveyard from play, it doesn't *specifically* trigger on leaving play, so it doesn't behave like other leaves-play abilities. The ability will trigger from the graveyard.
-- If the Incarnation had lost this ability while in play (due to Lignify, for example) and then was destroyed, the ability would still trigger and it would get shuffled into its owner's library.
-- However, if the Incarnation lost this ability when it was put into the graveyard (due to Yixlid Jailer, for example), the ability wouldn't trigger and the Incarnation would remain in the graveyard.

* If the Incarnation is removed from the graveyard after the ability triggers but before it resolves, it won't get shuffled into its owner's library. Similarly, if a replacement effect has the Incarnation move to a different zone instead of being put into the graveyard, the ability won't trigger at all.
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***Theme: "Triple Shot" Elementals***

Three red Elementals have abilities that give you a bonus if it's the third time that ability has resolved in a turn.

Inner-Flame Igniter
{2}{R}
Creature -- Elemental Warrior
2/2
{2}{R}: Creatures you control get +1/+0 until end of turn. If this is the third time this ability has resolved this turn, creatures you control gain first strike until end of turn.

* These cards count resolutions, not activations. Any such abilities that are still on the stack won't count toward the total.

* When such an ability resolves, it counts the number of times that same ability from that same creature has already resolved that turn. It doesn't matter who controlled the creature or the previous abilities when they resolved. A copy of this ability (created by Rings of Brighthearth, for example) will count toward the total. Abilities from other creatures with the same name don't count towards the total. Neither does an ability that's been countered.

* You get the bonus only the third time the ability resolves. You won't get the bonus the fourth, fifth, sixth, or any subsequent times.
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***Theme: "Tap-Trigger" Merfolk***

Three Merfolk have abilities that trigger whenever they become tapped, and one has an ability that triggers whenever a Merfolk you control becomes tapped.

Fallowsage
{3}{U}
Creature -- Merfolk Wizard
2/2
Whenever Fallowsage becomes tapped, you may draw a card.

* This is a triggered ability, not an activated ability. It doesn't allow you to tap the creature whenever you want; rather, you need some other way of tapping it, such as by attacking with the creature.

* For the ability to trigger, the creature has to actually change from untapped to tapped. If an effect attempts to tap the creature, but it was already tapped at the time, this ability won't trigger.
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CARD-SPECIFIC NOTES

Ajani Goldmane
{2}{W}{W}
Planeswalker -- Ajani
4
[+1]: You gain 2 life.
[-1]: Put a +1/+1 counter on each creature you control. Those creatures gain vigilance until end of turn.
[-6]: Put a white Avatar creature token into play with "This creature's power and toughness are each equal to your life total."

* The vigilance granted to a creature by the second ability remains until the end of the turn even if the +1/+1 counter is removed.

* The power and toughness of the Avatar created by the third ability will change as your life total changes.

* See "Card Type: Planeswalkers" in the General Notes section above.
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Amoeboid Changeling
{1}{U}
Creature -- Shapeshifter
1/1
Changeling (This card is every creature type at all times.)
{T}: Target creature gains all creature types until end of turn.
{T}: Target creature loses all creature types until end of turn.

* If a creature loses all creature types but then gains a new creature type later in the turn, it will be that new creature type.
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Arbiter of Knollridge
{6}{W}
Creature -- Giant Wizard
5/5
Vigilance
When Arbiter of Knollridge comes into play, each player's life total becomes the highest life total among all players.

* Abilities that trigger when a player gains life may trigger as a result of this ability.

* This ability can cause some strange results in the Two-Headed Giant format. For example, if the teams have 15 life and 11 life, respectively, then the "highest life total among all players" is considered to be 8 life (15 divided by 2, rounded up). When this ability resolves, each player's life total gets set to 8, so each team ends up with 16 life.

* In other multiplayer formats, each player's life total is set to the highest life total within his or her range of influence. These changes happen at the same time. For example, if each player has a range of influence of one, and the players in the game are Alice (4 life), Barry (8 life), Carrie (11 life), and Doug (7 life), in that order, then Alice's life total will become 8 and Barry and Doug's life totals will each become 11.
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Ashling the Pilgrim
{1}{R}
Legendary Creature -- Elemental Shaman
1/1
{1}{R}: Put a +1/+1 counter on Ashling the Pilgrim. If this is the third time this ability has resolved this turn, remove all +1/+1 counters from Ashling the Pilgrim, and it deals that much damage to each creature and each player.

* "That much damage" refers to the number of +1/+1 counters removed from Ashling the Pilgrim.
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Ashling's Prerogative
{1}{R}
Enchantment
As Ashling's Prerogative comes into play, choose odd or even. (Zero is even.)
Each creature with converted mana cost of the chosen value has haste.
Each creature without converted mana cost of the chosen value comes into play tapped.

* The "chosen value" is either "odd" or "even." So either creatures with odd converted mana costs come into play tapped and creatures with even converted mana costs have haste, or vice versa.

* If a creature has X in its mana cost, that X is treated as 0 for the purposes of these effects. It doesn't matter what the value of X was while the creature was on the stack.
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Austere Command
{4}{W}{W}
Sorcery
Choose two -- Destroy all artifacts; or destroy all enchantments; or destroy all creatures with converted mana cost 3 or less; or destroy all creatures with converted mana cost 4 or greater.

* If the first and third modes are chosen, an artifact creature with converted mana cost 3 or less would be destroyed twice by this spell. It would have to be regenerated twice to survive. (A similar thing happens with most of the other combinations.)
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Broken Ambitions
{X}{U}
Instant
Counter target spell unless its controller pays {X}. Clash with an opponent. If you win, that spell's controller puts the top four cards of his or her library into his or her graveyard. (Each clashing player reveals the top card of his or her library, then puts that card on the top or bottom. A player wins if his or her card had a higher converted mana cost.)

* The opponent you clash with doesn't have to be the controller of the targeted spell.

* The clash (and the result of the clash if you win) happens regardless of whether the targeted spell was countered or {X} was paid.
-----

Burrenton Forge-Tender
{W}
Creature -- Kithkin Wizard
1/1
Protection from red
Sacrifice Burrenton Forge-Tender: Prevent all damage a red source of your choice would deal this turn.

* If the red source you chose changes colors before the damage is dealt, the damage-prevention effect doesn't apply.
-----

Cairn Wanderer
{4}{B}
Creature -- Shapeshifter
4/4
Changeling (This card is every creature type at all times.)
As long as a creature card with flying is in a graveyard, Cairn Wanderer has flying. The same is true for fear, first strike, double strike, deathtouch, haste, landwalk, lifelink, protection, reach, trample, shroud, and vigilance.

* Cairn Wanderer's ability looks at all cards in all graveyards. It gains any landwalk abilities and any protection abilities.
-----

Captivating Glance
{2}{U}
Enchantment -- Aura
Enchant creature
At the end of your turn, clash with an opponent. If you win, gain control of enchanted creature. Otherwise, that player gains control of enchanted creature. (Each clashing player reveals the top card of his or her library, then puts that card on the top or bottom. A player wins if his or her card had a higher converted mana cost.)

* The ability triggers at the end of Captivating Glance's controller's turn. "You" refers to the controller of Captivating Glance, not the controller of the enchanted creature.

* The opponent you clash with doesn't have to be the controller of the enchanted creature.

* If you win the clash, you gain control of the enchanted creature (even if the other player won the clash too; this can happen if a split card is revealed). If you don't win the clash, the other player gains control of the enchanted creature (even if that player didn't win the clash either).

* Captivating Glance's controller never changes as a result of this card.

* Captivating Glance may cause a player to gain control of a creature he or she already controls. This layers a new control effect on that creature, but doing so rarely has any visible effect.

* Captivating Glance's control-change effect continues to apply even if Captivating Glance leaves play.
-----

Caterwauling Boggart
{3}{R}
Creature -- Goblin Shaman
2/2
Each Goblin you control can't be blocked except by two or more creatures.
Each Elemental you control can't be blocked except by two or more creatures.

* Each creature you control that's both a Goblin and an Elemental can't be blocked except by two or more creatures (as opposed to four or more creatures).
-----

Ceaseless Searblades
{3}{R}
Creature -- Elemental Warrior
2/4
Whenever you play an activated ability of an Elemental, Ceaseless Searblades gets +1/+0 until end of turn.

* This triggers whenever you play an activated ability of an Elemental permanent, but not when you play an activated ability of an Elemental source that's not in play.
-----

Chandra Nalaar
{3}{R}{R}
Planeswalker -- Chandra
6
[+1]: Chandra Nalaar deals 1 damage to target player.
[-X]: Chandra Nalaar deals X damage to target creature.
[-8]: Chandra Nalaar deals 10 damage to target player and each creature he or she controls.

* To play the second ability, you choose a value of X equal to or less than the number of loyalty counters on Chandra Nalaar. You may choose 0. You can't choose a negative number.

* See "Card Type: Planeswalkers" in the General Notes section above.
-----

Colfenor's Plans
{2}{B}{B}
Enchantment
When Colfenor's Plans comes into play, remove the top seven cards of your library from the game face down.
You may look at and play cards removed from the game with Colfenor's Plans.
Skip your draw step.
You can't play more than one spell each turn.

* The turn you play Colfenor's Plans, you have played (at least) one spell that turn. After it comes into play and its last ability goes into effect, you can't play any more spells that turn.

* If Colfenor's Plans leaves play, you can no longer look at or play the cards removed by it. That means you can't distinguish them for any reason, such as for Glittering Wish.

* Playing a card removed with Colfenor's Plans follows all the normal rules for playing that spell. You must pay its costs, and you must follow all timing restrictions, for example.

* If a removed card has morph, you may play it face down.
-----

Colfenor's Urn
{3}
Artifact
Whenever a creature with toughness 4 or greater is put into your graveyard from play, you may remove it from the game.
At end of turn, if three or more cards have been removed from the game with Colfenor's Urn, sacrifice it. If you do, return those cards to play under their owner's control.

* The second ability checks how many creatures have been removed from the game with Colfenor's Urn over the course of the entire game.

* The second ability forces you to sacrifice Colfenor's Urn. If the ability triggers and the Urn isn't sacrificed (because it left play or changed controllers, for example), the removed cards won't be returned to play.

* The first ability triggers when a token creature with toughness 4 or greater is put into your graveyard. However, that token will cease to exist before Colfenor's Urn can remove it from the game.
-----

Dauntless Dourbark
{3}{G}
Creature -- Treefolk Warrior
*/*
Dauntless Dourbark's power and toughness are each equal to the number of Forests you control plus the number of Treefolk you control.
Dauntless Dourbark has trample as long as you control another Treefolk.

* Dauntless Dourbark counts itself when determining its power and toughness.

* A permanent that's both a Forest and a Treefolk will be counted twice when determining Dauntless Dourbark's power and toughness.
-----

Deathrender
{4}
Artifact -- Equipment
Equipped creature gets +2/+2.
Whenever equipped creature is put into a graveyard from play, you may put a creature card from your hand into play and attach Deathrender to it.
Equip {2}

* If the creature you put into play can't be equipped by Deathrender (due to protection from artifacts, for example), the creature comes into play but Deathrender remains unattached.
-----

Doran, the Siege Tower
{B}{G}{W}
Legendary Creature -- Treefolk Shaman
0/5
Each creature assigns combat damage equal to its toughness rather than its power.

* Doran's ability means, for example, that a 2/3 creature will assign 3 damage in combat instead of 2.

* Doran's ability doesn't actually change creatures' power; it changes only the value of the combat damage they assign. All other rules and effects that check power or toughness use the real values.

* This effect is mandatory and affects all creatures.
-----

Ego Erasure
{2}{U}
Tribal Instant -- Shapeshifter
Changeling (This card is every creature type at all times.)
Creatures target player controls get -2/-0 and lose all creature types until end of turn.

* If a creature loses all creature types but then gains a new creature type later in the turn, it will be that new creature type.
-----

Elvish Branchbender
{2}{G}
Creature -- Elf Druid
2/2
{T}: Until end of turn, target Forest becomes an X/X Treefolk creature in addition to its other types, where X is the number of Elves you control.

* The value of X is determined when the ability resolves. It won't change later, even if the number of Elves you control changes.

* If you control no Elves when the ability resolves, the Forest will become a 0/0 creature and be put into the graveyard. However, since Elvish Branchbender is itself an Elf, the Forest will usually be at least a 1/1.
-----

Elvish Eulogist
{G}
Creature -- Elf Shaman
1/1
Sacrifice Elvish Eulogist: You gain 1 life for each Elf card in your graveyard.

* By the time this ability resolves, Elvish Eulogist will most likely be in your graveyard, so it will be counted by its own ability.
-----

Faerie Tauntings
{2}{B}
Tribal Enchantment -- Faerie
Whenever you play a spell during an opponent's turn, you may have each opponent lose 1 life.

* You choose either to have each opponent lose 1 life or to have no opponent lose any life. You don't choose for each opponent individually.
-----

Fathom Trawl
{3}{U}{U}
Sorcery
Reveal cards from the top of your library until you reveal three nonland cards. Put the nonland cards revealed this way into your hand, then put the rest of the revealed cards on the bottom of your library in any order.

* If there are fewer than three nonland cards in your library, you will reveal your entire library, put all nonland cards into your hand, and put the rest back in any order.
-----

Favor of the Mighty
{1}{W}
Tribal Enchantment -- Giant
Each creature with the highest converted mana cost has protection from all colors.

* If there's a tie for highest converted mana cost, all of those creatures have protection from all colors.

* This effect is checked continuously. If a new creature comes into play with the highest converted mana cost, it gains protection from all colors and the previous highest loses it.

* If a creature has X in its mana cost, that X is treated as 0 for the purposes of this effect. It doesn't matter what the value of X was while the creature was on the stack.
-----

Footbottom Feast
{2}{B}
Instant
Put any number of target creature cards from your graveyard on top of your library.
Draw a card.

* You choose the order of the cards you put on top of your library.

* You can play this with zero targets. If you do, you'll get to draw a card. However, if you play this with at least one target and all of those targets become illegal, the spell will be countered and you won't get to draw a card.
-----

Forced Fruition
{4}{U}{U}
Enchantment
Whenever an opponent plays a spell, that player draws seven cards.

* Yes, the opponent draws seven cards. It's not optional.
-----

Gaddock Teeg
{G}{W}
Legendary Creature -- Kithkin Advisor
2/2
Noncreature spells with converted mana cost 4 or greater can't be played.
Noncreature spells with {X} in their mana costs can't be played.

* If one half of a split card has a converted mana cost of 3 or less and doesn't have an {X} in its mana cost, Gaddock Teeg lets you play that half.
-----

Galepowder Mage
{3}{W}
Creature -- Kithkin Wizard
3/3
Flying
Whenever Galepowder Mage attacks, remove another target creature from the game. Return that card to play under its owner's control at end of turn.

* Galepowder Mage's ability can target a creature controlled by any player. It's not optional.

* The removed card will be returned to play at the end of the turn even if Galepowder Mage is no longer in play at that time.

* If Galepowder Mage is the only creature in play when it attacks, its ability has no effect.
-----

Glarewielder
{4}{R}
Creature -- Elemental Shaman
3/1
Haste
When Glarewielder comes into play, up to two target creatures can't block this turn.
Evoke {1}{R} (You may play this spell for its evoke cost. If you do, it's sacrificed when it comes into play.)

* You may choose zero, one, or two target creatures.
-----

Glimmerdust Nap
{2}{U}
Enchantment -- Aura
Enchant tapped creature
Enchanted creature doesn't untap during its controller's untap step.

* Glimmerdust Nap can target only a tapped creature.

* If the targeted creature has become untapped by the time Glimmerdust Nap would resolve, Glimmerdust Nap is countered for having an illegal target.

* If the enchanted creature becomes untapped, Glimmerdust Nap is put into its owner's graveyard as a state-based effect.
-----

Goatnapper
{2}{R}
Creature -- Goblin Rogue
2/2
When Goatnapper comes into play, untap target Goat and gain control of it until end of turn. It gains haste until end of turn.

* Yes, target Goat. Goat is a creature type. Keep in mind that each permanent with changeling is a Goat, as is any permanent affected by a spell or ability that gives it every creature type.
-----

Goldmeadow Dodger
{W}
Creature -- Kithkin Rogue
1/1
Goldmeadow Dodger can't be blocked by creatures with power 4 or greater.

* After Goldmeadow Dodger becomes blocked, increasing the blocking creature's power to 4 or greater has no effect on the block.
-----

Guile
{3}{U}{U}{U}
Creature -- Elemental Incarnation
6/6
Guile can't be blocked except by three or more creatures.
If a spell or ability you control would counter a spell, instead remove that spell from the game and you may play that card without paying its mana cost.
When Guile is put into a graveyard from anywhere, shuffle it into its owner's library.

* Guile's second ability replaces "counter [a certain spell]" with "remove [a certain spell] from the game and you may play it without paying its mana cost." You have the option to play it immediately upon its removal. If you choose not to, it remains removed from the game and you don't get another chance to play it. If the spell or ability that tried to counter the spell has additional effects, it then continues to resolve.

* Removing the spell from the game is mandatory. Playing it is not.

* A spell removed from the game this way was never actually countered.

* If a copy of a spell would be countered, it's removed from the game but can't be played (since it's not a card).

* If a spell or ability you control attempts to counter a spell that can't be countered, it doesn't. Since the spell wouldn't be countered, Guile's ability has no effect on it. The spell will continue to resolve normally.
-----

Wizards.Com Boards Net Rep

DCI Level 2 Judge

Questions don't have to make sense, but answers do.

Heal the Scars
{3}{G}
Instant
Regenerate target creature. You gain life equal to that creature's toughness.

* You gain the life when Heal the Scars resolves, not when the creature actually regenerates.
-----

Hoarder's Greed
{3}{B}
Sorcery
You lose 2 life and draw two cards, then clash with an opponent. If you win, repeat this process. (Each clashing player reveals the top card of his or her library, then puts that card on the top or bottom. A player wins if his or her card had a higher converted mana cost.)

* The effect will automatically repeat itself until its controller doesn't win the clash. There's no other way to stop it.
-----

Hoofprints of the Stag
{1}{W}
Tribal Enchantment -- Elemental
Whenever you draw a card, you may put a hoofprint counter on Hoofprints of the Stag.
{2}{W}, Remove four hoofprint counters from Hoofprints of the Stag: Put a 4/4 white Elemental creature token with flying into play. Play this ability only during your turn.

* If a spell or ability has you draw multiple cards, Hoofprints of the Stag's ability triggers that many times.
-----

Horde of Notions
{W}{U}{B}{R}{G}
Legendary Creature -- Elemental
5/5
Vigilance, trample, haste
{W}{U}{B}{R}{G}: You may play target Elemental card from your graveyard without paying its mana cost.

* This ability does not allow you to pay the evoke cost of the targeted Elemental card.
-----

Hornet Harasser
{2}{B}{B}
Creature -- Goblin Shaman
2/2
When Hornet Harasser is put into a graveyard from play, target creature gets -2/-2 until end of turn.

* Hornet Harasser's ability is mandatory. If you're the only player who controls any creatures, you must give one of your own creatures -2/-2.
-----

Hostility
{3}{R}{R}{R}
Creature -- Elemental Incarnation
6/6
Haste
If a spell you control would deal damage to an opponent, prevent that damage. Put a 3/1 red Elemental Shaman creature token with haste into play for each 1 damage prevented this way.
When Hostility is put into a graveyard from anywhere, shuffle it into its owner's library.

* If a spell you control would deal damage to an opponent and that opponent controls a planeswalker, that opponent chooses which of your effects to apply first.
-- If that player chooses to apply Hostility's effect first, the damage is prevented, you put some tokens into play, and the planeswalker redirection effect is moot because there's no damage to redirect.
-- If that player chooses to apply the planeswalker redirection effect first, you have a choice. You can redirect the damage to the planeswalker (in which case Hostility's prevention effect is moot because nothing's dealing damage to the player anymore) or you can have your spell continue to deal damage to the opponent. If you choose the latter, Hostility's effect then applies, the damage is prevented, and you get the tokens.
-----

Hunt Down
{G}
Sorcery
Target creature blocks target creature this turn if able.

* If the first creature targeted by Hunt Down can't block the second targeted creature (for example, because the second creature has flying and the first doesn't, or because both creatures are controlled by the same player), the ability does nothing and the first creature is free to block whichever creature its controller chooses, or block no creatures at all.
-----

Hunter of Eyeblights
{3}{B}{B}
Creature -- Elf Assassin
3/3
When Hunter of Eyeblights comes into play, put a +1/+1 counter on target creature you don't control.
{2}{B}, {T}: Destroy target creature with a counter on it.

* The activated ability can target a creature with any kind of counter on it, not just a +1/+1 counter.
-----

Incremental Growth
{3}{G}{G}
Sorcery
Put a +1/+1 counter on target creature, two +1/+1 counters on another target creature, and three +1/+1 counters on a third target creature.

* You must target three different creatures. If you can't, you can't play Incremental Growth.
-----

Kithkin Mourncaller
{2}{G}
Creature -- Kithkin Scout
2/2
Whenever an attacking Kithkin or Elf is put into your graveyard from play, you may draw a card.

* If an attacking creature that's both a Kithkin and an Elf is put into your graveyard from play, Kithkin Mourncaller's ability triggers only once.
-----

Lace with Moonglove
{2}{G}
Instant
Target creature gains deathtouch until end of turn. (Whenever it deals damage to a creature, destroy that creature.)
Draw a card.

* Deathtouch triggers when any damage is dealt, not just when combat damage is dealt.

* If Lace with Moonglove is played after combat damage has been assigned, the deathtouch ability gained by the creature will trigger when combat damage resolves.
-----

Lairwatch Giant
{5}{W}
Creature -- Giant Warrior
5/3
Lairwatch Giant can block an additional creature.
Whenever Lairwatch Giant blocks two or more creatures, it gains first strike until end of turn.

* Lairwatch Giant's second ability triggers if it blocks at least two creatures when blockers are declared. It will also trigger if it blocks fewer than two creatures when blockers are declared and effects then cause it to block more creatures. However, if Lairwatch Giant is already blocking two or more creatures, and effects then cause it to block more creatures, the ability won't trigger again.
-----

Lignify
{1}{G}
Tribal Enchantment -- Treefolk Aura
Enchant creature
Enchanted creature is a 0/4 Treefolk with no abilities.

* Lignify overwrites characteristic-defining abilities that specify the enchanted creature's power or toughness (such as the one Dauntless Dourbark has) or that specify its creature types (such as changeling does).

* Lignify overwrite any previous effects that set the enchanted creature's power or toughness (such as Serendib Sorcerer does) as well as any previous effects from resolved spells and abilities that changed the enchanted creature's power or toughness (such as Giant Growth). Any such effects that apply after Lignify came into play will work normally.

* Lignify doesn't overwrite changes to the enchanted creature's power or toughness that come from counters or from static abilities from other sources (such as Glorious Anthem). It will overwrite static abilities that come from the creature itself (such as the one on Verduran Enchantress) because Lignify causes the creature to lose that ability before it gets a chance to apply.

* Lignify overwrites previous effects that changed the enchanted creature's creature types. Any such effects that apply after Lignify comes into play will work normally.

* Lignify causes the enchanted creature to lose all abilities it had at the time it became enchanted. Any abilities granted to the creature after Lignify came into play will work normally.

* If a previous effect switched the creature's power and toughness, that effect still applies (though it will apply to the creature's new power and toughness).

* If the enchanted creature has a characteristic-defining ability that specifies its color, that ability will still have its effect because it's applied before the creature loses the ability.

* If Lignify leaves play, the creature goes back to being what it was before. Any effects that applied while the Lignify was in play, such as Giant Growth or Lace with Moonglove, will continue to apply.
-----

Mad Auntie
{2}{B}
Creature -- Goblin Shaman
2/2
Other Goblin creatures you control get +1/+1.
{T}: Regenerate another target Goblin.

* The second ability can target any Goblin permanent except the Mad Auntie whose ability is being played. It can target a different Mad Auntie.
-----

Militia's Pride
{1}{W}
Tribal Enchantment -- Kithkin
Whenever a nontoken creature you control attacks, you may pay {W}. If you do, put a 1/1 white Kithkin Soldier creature token into play tapped and attacking.

* The token enters play attacking. It doesn't trigger "when a creature attacks" triggers and is not subject to restrictions on declaring attackers.

* You choose which player or planeswalker the token is attacking. It doesn't have to attack the same player or planeswalker as the creature that caused the ability to trigger.
-----

Mirror Entity
{2}{W}
Creature -- Shapeshifter
1/1
Changeling (This card is every creature type at all times.)
{X}: Creatures you control become X/X and gain all creature types until end of turn.

* Mirror Entity's ability overwrites any previous effects that set the power or toughness of any of your creatures to specific numbers. Examples of this include Lignify's ability, Maro's ability, and an earlier activation of Mirror Entity's ability. It also overwrites any previous effects from resolved spells and abilities that changed the power or toughness of any of your creatures. An example of this is Giant Growth. Any such effects that apply after Mirror Entity's ability
resolves will work normally.

* Mirror Entity's ability doesn't overwrite changes to the power or toughness of any of your creatures that come from counters. It also doesn't overwrite static abilities such as Glorious Anthem's that change the power or toughness of any of your creatures. Without such counters or effects, playing the ability with X = 0 will cause all creatures you control to become 0/0 and be put into the graveyard.

* Activating the ability for a second time in the same turn will overwrite the first activation. For example, if you play the ability with X = 4, then play it with X = 1, each of your creatures will be 1/1.
-----

Nameless Inversion
{1}{B}
Tribal Instant -- Shapeshifter
Changeling (This card is every creature type at all times.)
Target creature gets +3/-3 and loses all creature types until end of turn.

* If a creature loses all creature types but then gains a new creature type later in the turn, it will be that new creature type.
-----

Nectar Faerie
{1}{B}
Creature -- Faerie Wizard
1/1
Flying
{B}, {T}: Target Faerie or Elf gains lifelink until end of turn. (Whenever it deals damage, its controller gains that much life.)

* If you grant lifelink to a creature controlled by another player, that other player will gain life when the creature deals damage.
-----

Nettlevine Blight
{4}{B}{B}
Enchantment -- Aura
Enchant creature or land
Enchanted permanent has "At the end of your turn, sacrifice this permanent and attach Nettlevine Blight to a creature or land you control."

* Nettlevine Blight grants the triggered ability to the enchanted permanent, so "you" refers to that permanent's controller. The ability will trigger at the end of that player's turn, and that player chooses the new creature or land to attach Nettlevine Blight to. The player must choose a creature or land he or she controls.
-----

Oblivion Ring
{2}{W}
Enchantment
When Oblivion Ring comes into play, remove another target nonland permanent from the game.
When Oblivion Ring leaves play, return the removed card to play under its owner's control.

* If Oblivion Ring leaves play before its first ability has resolved, its second ability will trigger and do nothing. Then its first ability will resolve and remove the targeted nonland permanent from the game forever.

* If there are no nonland permanents in play other than an Oblivion Ring, and the card it removed from the game was another Oblivion Ring, playing a third Oblivion Ring will result in an involuntary infinite loop that will end the game in a draw (unless someone chooses to break it by putting another nonland permanent into play or destroying one of the Oblivion Rings, for example).
-----

Ponder
{U}
Sorcery
Look at the top three cards of your library, then put them back in any order. You may shuffle your library.
Draw a card.

* If you choose to shuffle your library, that includes the three cards you just looked at and put back on top of it.
-----

Profane Command
{X}{B}{B}
Sorcery
Choose two -- Target player loses X life; or return target creature card with converted mana cost X or less from your graveyard to play; or target creature gets -X/-X until end of turn; or up to X target creatures gain fear until end of turn.

* The value chosen for X applies to each X in the spell's effect. You pay {X} only once.
-----

Prowess of the Fair
{1}{B}
Tribal Enchantment -- Elf
Whenever another nontoken Elf is put into your graveyard from play, you may put a 1/1 green Elf Warrior creature token into play.

* If Prowess of the Fair and another nontoken Elf are put into your graveyard simultaneously (by Akroma's Vengeance, for example), the other Elf will cause Prowess of the Fair's ability to trigger.
-----

Rings of Brighthearth
{3}
Artifact
Whenever you play an activated ability, if it isn't a mana ability, you may pay {2}. If you do, copy that ability. You may choose new targets for the copy.

* Copying an activated ability works just like copying a spell. The copy of the ability is put onto the stack (it's not "played"). It copies all decisions made when the original ability was played, including mode, targets, and the value of X. If an effect of the copy refers to something used to pay its costs, it sees what was used to pay the costs of the original ability.

* The source of the copy is the same as the source of the original ability. If the ability refers to a card or permanent by name (such as "Regenerate Drudge Skeletons"), the copy will refer to the same card or permanent.

* You may copy a planeswalker's ability. Doing so won't affect the planeswalker's loyalty because raising or lowering its loyalty is part of the cost of the ability, not part of its effect.
-----

Ringskipper
{1}{U}
Creature -- Faerie Wizard
1/1
Flying
When Ringskipper is put into a graveyard from play, clash with an opponent. If you win, return Ringskipper to its owner's hand. (Each clashing player reveals the top card of his or her library, then puts that card on the top or bottom. A player wins if his or her card had a higher converted mana cost.)

* If Ringskipper is removed from the graveyard before the ability resolves, you still clash, but nothing will happen if you win.
-----

Scarred Vinebreeder
{1}{B}
Creature -- Elf Shaman
1/1
{2}{B}, Remove an Elf card in your graveyard from the game: Scarred Vinebreeder gets +3/+3 until end of turn.

* If you play the ability, the Elf card is removed from your graveyard as a cost. This action can't be responded to.
-----

Scattering Stroke
{2}{U}{U}
Instant
Counter target spell. Clash with an opponent. If you win, at the beginning of your next main phase, you may add {X} to your mana pool, where X is that spell's converted mana cost. (Each clashing player reveals the top card of his or her library, then puts that card on the top or bottom. A player wins if his or her card had a higher converted mana cost.)

* You decide whether or not to add {X} to your mana pool as the delayed triggered ability resolves at the beginning of your next main phase. You don't decide before then.

* You can't add just some of the mana to your mana pool. You either add all the {X} to your mana pool or none of it. All the mana you get this way is colorless.
-----

Sentry Oak
{4}{W}
Creature -- Treefolk Warrior
3/5
Defender
At the beginning of combat on your turn, you may clash with an opponent. If you win, Sentry Oak gets +2/+0 and loses defender until end of turn. (Each clashing player reveals the top card of his or her library, then puts that card on the top or bottom. A player wins if his or her card had a higher converted mana cost.)

* Specifically, this ability triggers when the beginning of combat step starts during your turn.
-----

Shapesharer
{1}{U}
Creature -- Shapeshifter
1/1
Changeling (This card is every creature type at all times.)
{2}{U}: Target Shapeshifter becomes a copy of target creature until your next turn.

* If the targeted Shapeshifter becomes an illegal target but the targeted creature doesn't, the ability will resolve but have no effect.

* If the targeted creature becomes an illegal target but the targeted Shapeshifter doesn't, the Shapeshifter will still become a copy of the object. The effect will use the illegal target's current copiable characteristics if it's still in play, or its last known copiable characteristics if it has left play.

* The copy effect doesn't wear off until just before your next untap step (even if an effect will cause that untap step to be skipped).

* If Shapesharer itself becomes a copy of another creature, it loses both changeling and its activated ability (unless it's copying another creature with changeling and/or another Shapesharer, of course).

* This ability can cause a creature to become a copy of itself. This will usually have no visible effect.

* The targeted Shapeshifter copies the printed values of the targeted creature, plus any copy effects that have been applied to it. It won't copy counters on that creature. It won't copy effects that have changed the creature's power, toughness, types, color, and so on.

* If the targeted Shapeshifter copies a creature that's copying a creature, it will become whatever the chosen creature is copying.

* If the targeted Shapeshifter becomes a copy of a face-down creature, it will become a 2/2 creature with no name, creature type, abilities, mana cost, or color. It will not become face down and thus can't be turned face up.

* Effects that have already applied to the targeted Shapeshifter will continue to apply to it. For example, if Giant Growth had given it +3/+3 earlier in the turn, then this ability makes it a copy of Grizzly Bears, it will be a 5/5 Grizzly Bears.
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Shelldock Isle
Land
Hideaway (This land comes into play tapped. When it does, look at the top four cards of your library, remove one from the game face down, then put the rest on the bottom of your library.)
{T}: Add {U} to your mana pool.
{U}, {T}: You may play the removed card without paying its mana cost if a library has twenty or fewer cards in it.

* It doesn't matter which library has twenty or fewer cards in it, and you don't have to specify a library.
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Silvergill Douser
{1}{U}
Creature -- Merfolk Wizard
1/1
{T}: Target creature gets -X/-0 until end of turn, where X is the number of Merfolk and/or Faeries you control.

* A permanent that's both a Merfolk and a Faerie is counted only once when determining X.

* The value of X is determined when Silvergill Douser's ability resolves. It won't change later, even if the number of Merfolk and/or Faeries you control changes.
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Smokebraider
{1}{R}
Creature -- Elemental Shaman
1/1
{T}: Add two mana in any combination of colors to your mana pool. Spend this mana only to play Elemental spells or activated abilities of Elementals.

* The mana can be two mana of the same color, or one mana of each of two different colors. The mana can't be colorless.

* You can use this mana to pay an alternative cost (such as evoke) or additional cost incurred while playing an Elemental spell. It's not limited to just that spell's mana cost.

* The mana can't be spent to play activated abilities of Elemental sources that aren't in play.
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Soulbright Flamekin
{1}{R}
Creature -- Elemental Shaman
2/1
{2}: Target creature gains trample until end of turn. If this is the third time this ability has resolved this turn, you may add {R}{R}{R}{R}{R}{R}{R}{R} to your mana pool.

* Soulbright Flamekin's ability uses the stack and can be responded to. It's not a mana ability because it has a target. (This change to rule 406, "Mana Abilities," was implemented in the May 2007 update to the _Magic_(TM) Comprehensive Rules.)
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Sower of Temptation
{2}{U}{U}
Creature -- Faerie Wizard
2/2
Flying
When Sower of Temptation comes into play, gain control of target creature as long as Sower of Temptation remains in play.

* You retain control of the targeted creature as long as Sower of Temptation remains in play, even if a different player gains control of Sower of Temptation itself.

* If Sower of Temptation leaves play before the ability resolves, the ability will have no effect.
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Spellstutter Sprite
{1}{U}
Creature -- Faerie Wizard
1/1
Flash
Flying
When Spellstutter Sprite comes into play, counter target spell with converted mana cost X or less, where X is the number of Faeries you control.

* The value of X needs to be determined both when the ability triggers (so you can choose a target) and again when the ability resolves (to check if that target is still legal). If the number of Faeries you control has decreased enough in that time to make the target illegal, Spellstutter Sprite's ability will be countered (and the targeted spell will resolve as normal).
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Spinerock Knoll
Land
Hideaway (This land comes into play tapped. When it does, look at the top four cards of your library, remove one from the game face down, then put the rest on the bottom of your library.)
{T}: Add {R} to your mana pool.
{R}, {T}: You may play the removed card without paying its mana cost if an opponent was dealt 7 or more damage this turn.

* At the time the last ability resolves, you'll get to play the card if a player who is currently your opponent, or a player who was your opponent at the time he or she left the game, has been dealt 7 damage over the course of the turn.

* It doesn't matter how the opponent was dealt damage or by whom, as long as the total damage is 7 or more. You don't specify an opponent when you play the ability.

* You'll get to play the card even if Spinerock Knoll wasn't in play at the time some or all of the 7 damage was dealt.
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Spring Cleaning
{1}{G}
Instant
Destroy target enchantment. Clash with an opponent. If you win, destroy all enchantments your opponents control. (Each clashing player reveals the top card of his or her library, then puts that card on the top or bottom. A player wins if his or her card had a higher converted mana cost.)

* If you win the clash, you destroy all enchantments all of your opponents control, not just enchantments controlled by the opponent you clashed with.
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Thousand-Year Elixir
{3}
Artifact
You may play the activated abilities of creatures you control as though those creatures had haste.
{1}, {T}: Untap target creature.

* Thousand-Year Elixir doesn't actually grant haste to creatures you control, nor does it let you attack with them as though they had haste.
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Timber Protector
{4}{G}
Creature -- Treefolk Warrior
4/6
Other Treefolk creatures you control get +1/+1.
Other Treefolk and Forests you control are indestructible.

* If Timber Protector somehow becomes a Forest, it doesn't make itself indestructible.
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Twinning Glass
{4}
Artifact
{1}, {T}: You may play a nonland card from your hand without paying its mana cost if it has the same name as a spell that was played this turn.

* Playing Twinning Glass's ability allows you to play a single card from your hand as it resolves. It doesn't create a continuous effect, and it doesn't let you play multiple cards for free.

* It doesn't matter who played the first spell.

* You can't pay any alternative costs (such as those from evoke or morph) when playing the card. On the other hand, if the card has additional costs (such as those from kicker or buyback), you may pay those.

* If one half of a split card has been played this turn, you may use Twinning Glass's ability to play either half of a split card with that name. For example, if Dead from Dead/Gone has been played, you may use Twinning Glass's ability to play either Dead or Gone.
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Warren Pilferers
{4}{B}
Creature -- Goblin Rogue
3/3
When Warren Pilferers comes into play, return target creature card from your graveyard to your hand. If that card is a Goblin card, Warren Pilferers gains haste until end of turn.

* The ability checks whether the targeted card is a Goblin when the ability resolves.

* If the targeted card is removed from the graveyard before the ability resolves, the whole ability will be countered.
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Wellgabber Apothecary
{4}{W}
Creature -- Merfolk Cleric
2/3
{1}{W}: Prevent all damage that would be dealt to target tapped Merfolk or Kithkin creature this turn.

* The targeted creature must be tapped when the ability is played and when it resolves. It doesn't need to remain tapped in between.

* Once the ability has resolved, all damage that would be dealt to that creature for the rest of the turn will be prevented, regardless of whether it's tapped or untapped at the time that damage would be dealt.
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Whirlpool Whelm
{1}{U}
Instant
Clash with an opponent, then return target creature to its owner's hand. If you win, you may put that creature on top of its owner's library instead. (Each clashing player reveals the top card of his or her library, then puts that card on the top or bottom. A player wins if his or her card had a higher converted mana cost.)

* You choose the target when you play Whirlpool Whelm, not when you clash.

* If you don't win the clash, the targeted creature always goes to its owner's hand. If you win the clash, you choose whether the creature goes to its owner's hand or the top of its owner's library.

* If you clash with the owner of the targeted creature and win, the owner of the creature decides where to put the card revealed during the clash before you decide whether to put the creature on top of that library. You know the player's decision before you make your decision.
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Wild Ricochet
{2}{R}{R}
Instant
You may choose new targets for target instant or sorcery spell. Then copy that spell. You may choose new targets for the copy.

* You copy the spell whether you choose new targets for it or not.

* The targeted spell's controller retains control of that spell. You control the copy.

* You may change any of the targeted spell's targets, or any of the copy's targets. If you change a target, you must choose a legal target for the spell. If you can't, you must leave the target the same (even if that target is now illegal).
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Windbrisk Heights
Land
Hideaway (This land comes into play tapped. When it does, look at the top four cards of your library, remove one from the game face down, then put the rest on the bottom of your library.)
{T}: Add {W} to your mana pool.
{W}, {T}: You may play the removed card without paying its mana cost if you attacked with three or more creatures this turn.

* At the time the ability resolves, you'll get to play the card if you declared three different creatures as attackers at any point in the turn. A creature declared as an attacker in two different attack phases counts only once. A creature that entered play attacking (such as a token created by Militia's Pride) doesn't count because you never attacked with it.
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Wren's Run Packmaster
{3}{G}
Creature -- Elf Warrior
5/5
Champion an Elf (When this comes into play, sacrifice it unless you remove another Elf you control from the game. When this leaves play, that card returns to play.)
{2}{G}: Put a 2/2 green Wolf creature token into play.
Each Wolf you control has deathtouch. (When it deals damage to a creature, destroy that creature.)

* Wren's Run Packmaster gives deathtouch to all Wolf permanents you control, not just the tokens it creates.

* A Wolf's deathtouch ability will trigger if both Wren's Run Packmaster and that Wolf are in play at the time the Wolf deals damage. The deathtouch ability will then destroy the creature dealt damage by the Wolf even if the Wolf or Wren's Run Packmaster leaves play before the ability resolves.
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