Need help with defenses (creating monster)

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DMG page 184 says about "other defenses" it's 12 + monster's level. Every 2 points adjusted by +1 or -1.

I think I don't get it...

Let's take the level 2 Elf Scout (page 106 MM), which Dex is 18.

Why his Ref is 15? Shouldn't it be:
12 + 2 (level) + 2 (two points above 14) = 16?

Why his Fortitude is 13 and his Will is 13?

I'm trying to understand how it works and design my own monsters but I'm stucked at it.
DMG page 184 says about "other defenses" it's 12 + monster's level. Every 2 points adjusted by +1 or -1.

I think I don't get it...

That's because there's nothing to get. The designers didn't follow their own guidelines; monster stats are actually tweaked arbitrarily. So I wouldn't worry about it; just tweak your monsters' defenses however you think is balanced and appropriate. I wouldn't separate any two non-AC defenses by more than 4 though.

TS