Can someone help me with understanding shifting.

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In our last session we encountard a problem.

A freind had a move that let him shift 25 feet (5 squares). He used this while beside an enemy. 

Here is what happened. 
Red = Enemy
Blue = charcter
Arrow = shift

When the charcter shifts to a square adjacent to the enemy, does the enemy get an oppertunity attack? 
No. That is the point of shifting: to prevent/avoid opp attacks. Shifting is a way of moving away or around an opponent without provoking attacks. If you played classic editions, shifting sort of evolved from the old "fighting withdrawals", etc.

Some powers or class features (such as a Fighter's Combat Challenge) might allow for attacks if an enemy shifts, but this will be noted in the power block.
So in summary:

Normal movement does provoke opportunity attacks.

Shifting does not provoke opportunity attacks.

Also, forced movement (push, pull, slide) does not provoke opportunity attacks.
And further clarification:  opportunity attacks are not provoked because you ENTER a threatened square, they're provoked because you LEAVE a threatened square.  (Otherwise, you'd never be able to move adjacent to an enemy without provoking an OA!)  You can enter threatened squares all day long without provoking, but you can't leave one without provoking, unless you shift.  Note that in your example, the player did both ... he left a threatened square (provokes) and entered another threatened square (no problem).

Also note that since normally a creature can only make one OA per turn (in this case, the player's turn), if the player was able to continue to move after this, he could leave threatened squares all day long without provoking OAs ... even if he didn't shift ... because the monster can only make one OA per turn.  This is good to keep in mind because in almost all cases you know that once the enemy has taken its one OA attempt on your turn he can't continue to keep making OAs, so it really frees up your movement.

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